Research archive

Study links honesty to prefrontal region of the brain

Research links brain impairment to honesty

September 8, 2014:

Lead author of new study linking honesty to a certain region of the brain says the findings have significant implications for understanding social interaction and cooperation within business organizations and beyond.

Map of fruit fly’s active genes has implications for understanding stress

Map of fruit fly’s active genes has implications for understanding stress March 19, 2014:

A group led by scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has conducted the largest survey yet of how information encoded in an animal genome is processed in different organs, stages of development and environmental conditions. Their findings about the fruit fly paint a new picture of how genes function in the nervous system and in response to environmental stress.

Fierce solar magnetic storm barely missed Earth in 2012 with video

Fierce solar magnetic storm barely missed Earth in 2012 March 18, 2014:

UC Berkeley physicist Janet Luhmann & former postdoc Ying Liu report that a rapid succession of coronal mass ejections – the most intense eruptions on the sun – sent a pulse of magnetized plasma barreling into space & through Earth’s orbit on July 23, 2012. Had it hit Earth, it could have disrupted the electrical grid, satellites, GPS & our increasingly electronic lives.

Bancroft Library papyrus, an ancient Egyptian soldier’s letter home, deciphered

Bancroft Library papyrus, an ancient Egyptian soldier’s letter home, deciphered March 7, 2014:

A newly deciphered letter home dating back around 1,800 years reveals the pleas of a young Egyptian soldier named Aurelius Polion who was serving, probably as a volunteer, in a Roman legion in Europe. The papyrus, part of the Bancroft Library’s Tebtunis collection, was recently translated by Grant Adamson, a doctoral candidate at Rice University.

Colored diamonds are a superconductor’s best friend

Colored diamonds are a superconductor’s best friend March 6, 2014:

Physicists Dmitry Budker of UC Berkeley and Ron Folman of Ben-Gurion University show that color centers in diamonds, among the most sensitive magnetic sensors known today, can help researchers learn about the much ballyhooed but still mysterious high-temperature superconductors.

Scientists show which surfaces attract clingy Staph bacteria

Scientists show which surfaces attract clingy Staph bacteria March 4, 2014:

Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley researchers are investigating how shapes and surface texture influence the adhesion of infectious Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria. Their work could lead to a more nuanced understanding of what makes a surface less inviting to bacteria.

Closest, brightest supernova in decades is also a little weird

Closest, brightest supernova in decades is also a little weird February 27, 2014:

When supernova SN2014J was first noticed in January 2014, astronomers called it the closest and brightest supernova in decades. Berkeley astronomer Alex Filippenko and his team found that it is also weird: it brightens faster than expected for Type Ia supernovae, which are used to measure cosmic distances. The finding may reveal unsuspected new physics inside these exploding stars.